Use of Technology in Teaching and Learning: Everything You Need To Know

Use of Technology in Teaching and Learning
Hi, in this article we have discussed the use of technology in education and learning. Also, we have listed the advantages of the use of technology in education, the disadvantages and the solution to the use of technology in education, barriers to the use of technology in education, etc.

We’ve got the most technology savvy generation ever in history and it is only going to be on the increase because it's woven into their lives.

In fact, it's one of the fundamental 21st-century skills that is required of them in and after school.

The biggest change in the educational system comes through the integration of technology, this is not meant to replace the teacher.

In addition to experiential knowledge drawn from educational practice, Educational technology is the use of both hardware, software, and educational theoretic that emerge out of various disciplines such as
  • Communication 
  • Education 
  • Psychology 
  • Sociology 
  • Artificial Intelligence, And 
  • Computer Science.
This helps to facilitate learning and improve performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. It also encompasses several domains including
  • Learning Theory
  • Computer-based Training
  • Online Learning, And
  • M-learning, Where Mobile Technologies Are Used Etc
The use of technology in education is a systematic approach to the processes and resources of teaching, It requires teachers to accurately reveal the needs of students to determine the relevant technology to apply to the curriculum and to track the results to determine the effectiveness of the measures.

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education 

Below we have listed the advantage of using the technology in education. Their advantages motivate us to use technology more and more in the field of teaching and learning.

1. It Enables Students To Learn At Their Own Pace 

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Over the years of experience as shown that students learn at their own pace, but sometimes the traditional classroom makes it difficult to do so but With the integration of technology in education it enables individual learning, removing educational boundaries that teachers may face thereby making it possible for the teachers to help students on a one-on-one level.

2. It Improves The Learning Experience 

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
When teachers effectively integrate technology into subject areas, like artificial intelligence, for instance, teachers can develop more creative and innovative lesson plans to hold the attention of their classes.

Blended learning can also play an effective role here, whereby students’ curriculum is partially delivered in person and partially via digital means.

3. There Are No Limitations To Learning With Technology  

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Technology enables online education, distance learning, and access to up-to-date information and to other information outside of books and can enable more research into subjects that are more difficult to learn.

4. Technology In The Classroom Helps Ensure Full Participation 

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Technology can encourage more active participation in the learning process which can be hard to achieve through a traditional lecture environment.

When technology is integrated into lessons, students are more interested in the subjects they are studying.

For instance, delivering teaching through gamification, taking students on virtual field trips, and using other online learning resources.

Some gamification tips include role play where students are asked to pose arguments on behalf of historical figures or scientific concepts and introducing healthy competition.

5. Improves Knowledge Retention

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Students who are engaged and interested in things they are studying are expected to have better knowledge retention.

As mentioned before, technology can help to encourage active participation in the classroom which also is a very important factor for increased knowledge retention.

6. Encourages Collaboration 

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Technology can encourage collaboration with students in the same classroom, same school, and even with other classrooms around the world. Students can also practice collaboration skills by getting involved in different online activities.

For instance, working on different projects by collaborating with others on forums or by sharing documents on their virtual learning environments.

Collaboration between professors and their students is put into practice through a learning management system (LMS) such as Moodle or Blackboard, where professors upload new content for student review online.

7. Technology Can Automate A Lot Of Tedious Tasks 

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Automation can speed up tedious, time-consuming tasks, such as keeping track of student attendance and performance.

Engagement tools can help streamline grading for writing assignments, discussions, and participation, as well as answer common student questions, which otherwise could seem daunting due to their objective nature.

8. Digital Literacy 

The Advantages Of The Use Of Technology In Education
Being digitally literate is more than obtaining “isolated technological skills,” according to the NMC Horizon Report 2017 Higher Education Edition.

Rather, it’s about “generating a deeper understanding of the digital environment, enabling intuitive adaptation to new contexts and co-creation of content with others.”.

Creating presentations, learning to differentiate reliable from unreliable sources on the Internet, and maintaining proper online etiquette are all vital skills that students can learn in the classroom.

The Disadvantages And The Solution To The Use Of Technology In Education

Below we have listed the disadvantages that technology has when it is used in the teaching and in earning. You can tell us what do you think about these disadvantages and how they should be solved.

1. Technology In The Classroom Can Be A Distraction 

The Disadvantages And The Solution To The Use Of Technology In Education
Technology savvy students may find it hard to concentrate in class when a wide range of digital devices are around them.

Identifying specific projects, times during class, and revealing your intentions for allowing the use of technology in the classroom and Creating expectations and guidelines for students, and sticking to them, will serve as a boundary for the students.

2. Technology Can Disconnect Students From Social Interactions 

The Disadvantages And The Solution To The Use Of Technology In Education
Many people are skeptical of technology and what it does to students’ (and everyone else’s) ability to verbally communicate.

This can be adjusted by creating assignments in class that use both technological tools as well as oral presentations and group collaboration, students will learn to be dynamic in how they learn and interact with others.

3. Technology Can Foster Cheating In Class And On Assignments 

The Disadvantages And The Solution To The Use Of Technology In Education
While students have always found ways to cheat, the digital age makes it even easier from copying-and-pasting someone else’s work to hiring an essay-writer from an online essay mill. This means that digital technology could end up hindering students’ professional development.

So it is possible to structure assignments and exams in a way that makes cheating difficult, or make exams open-book and focus on problem-solving and mastery rather than retention.

Some classroom software allows you to set questions that are subtly different for every student, making them focus on the technique rather than the answer.

4. Unequal Access To Technological Resources 

The Disadvantages And The Solution To The Use Of Technology In Education
Some students can’t afford gadgets or even the textbooks required for class. For these students don't make technology the focus of your class, and don’t make it a barrier for it can make the students feel depressed and uninterested in education.

And in other to help them point them in the direction of the library or community resources, or create assignments that allow them to work in groups and share resources.

5. The Quality Of Knowledge May Not Be Top-notch 

The Disadvantages And The Solution To The Use Of Technology In Education
The Internet is a blessing and a curse. Your students may need guidance on identifying proper sources and unreliable sources. Many schools have writing centers that can help with this.

You can also use OERs, which are open educational resources in the public domain that anyone can freely use, copy, and adapt; they range from textbooks to lecture notes, examinations, and assignments.

Barriers To The Use Of Technology In Education

Below are the barrier resulting in the prevention of technology in the field of education and technology. These barriers must be removed as soon as possible to make the use of technology more effective.

1. Insufficient Infrastructure 

Barriers To The Use Of Technology In Education
Many schools lack the network infrastructure needed to support education technology. Perhaps the largest issue is the lack of internet access.

Even if districts widened their budgets for education technology, they would still encounter a barrier to adoption With so many education technologies relying on the internet for access to programs and systems, lack of internet access significantly hinders adoption.

2. Cost 

Barriers To The Use Of Technology In Education
This serves as a great hindrance to the adoption of education technology, and due to the continual underfunding of schools in state and national levels, it only leads to the aggravation of cost problems.

It’s no wonder why budget-bound schools are cautious about making such innovation as budget problems lead to classroom policies, like BYOD (Bring Your Own Device), which creates more problems.

For example, when students are asked to bring their own tech devices to schools, there’s no guarantee that a teacher’s online materials will work across different devices.

3. Lack of Training 

Barriers To The Use Of Technology In Education
Teachers, having gain access to learning technologies, they do not receive the proper training to harness these technologies.

Tech training is especially important for teachers because many of them aren’t “digital natives” they didn’t grow up with technology at their fingertips like most of their students have so new technology often serves as a challenge.

4. Resistance To Adopting New Technologies 

Barriers To The Use Of Technology In Education
Lack of training with tech fuels this issue many teachers and administrators resist adopting new technologies in the classroom.

Understandably, time-crunched teachers are wary of adopting new classroom tools, especially when they’re lacking support on a school, departmental, or district level.

Parents who think their kids are already inundated with too much technology access may also represent barriers to technology adoption.

E-learning Theory And Educational Philosophies

Various pedagogical perspectives may be considered in designing and interacting with educational technology. E-learning theory examines these approaches.

These theoretical perspectives are grouped into three main theoretical or philosophical frameworks behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism.

Behaviorism 

E-learning Theory And Educational Philosophies
Many psychologists used these results to develop theories of human learning, but modern educators generally see behaviorism as one aspect of a holistic synthesis. Teaching in behaviorism has been linked to training, emphasizing the animal learning experiments.

Since behaviorism consists of the view of teaching people how to do something with rewards and punishments, it is related to training people.

Cognitivism  

E-learning Theory And Educational Philosophies
Computer Science and Information Technology have had a major influence on Cognitive Science theory. The Cognitive concepts of working memory (formerly known as short-term memory) and long-term memory have been facilitated by research and technology from the field of Computer Science.

While retaining the empirical framework of behaviorism, cognitive psychology theories look beyond behavior to explain brain-based learning by considering how human memory works to promote learning.

There are two separate schools of cognitivism and these are the cognitivist and social cognitivist. The Cognitivist focuses on the understanding of the thinking or cognitive processes of an individual while the latter includes social processes as influences in learning besides cognition. These two schools, however, share the view that learning is more than a behavioral change but as a mental process used by the learner.

Constructivism

E-learning Theory And Educational Philosophies
Educational psychologists distinguish between several types of constructivism
individual (or psychological) constructivism. This form of constructivism has a primary focus on how learners construct their own meaning from new information, as they interact with reality and with other learners who bring different perspectives.

Constructivist learning environments require students to use their prior knowledge and experiences to formulate new, and/or adaptive concepts in learning (Termos, 2012). Due to this the role of the teacher becomes that of a facilitator, providing guidance so that learners can construct their own knowledge.

Constructivist educators must make sure that the prior learning experiences are appropriate and related to the concepts being taught. Jonassen (1997) suggests "well-structured" learning environments are useful for novice learners and that "ill-structured" environments are only useful for more advanced learners.

It's clear that technology can be a highly effective tool, as the advantages outweigh the disadvantages but that is all it is-a a tool but the key to technology in the classroom is always going to be the teacher-student relationship because that’s where the education happens.

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